Research has revealed four key players - excess oil, clogged pores, bacteria, and inflammation. The excess oil is sebum, an oil that our bodies make to prevent the skin from drying out. Sebum increases dramatically during adolescence when hormones known as androgens spur sebum production into overdrive. Not all of the excess sebum can flow freely to the skin’s surface, and clogged pores result. P. acnes, bacteria found on everyone’s skin, flourishes in the excess oil and causes inflammation.
Alopecia areata causes hair loss in small, round patches that may go away on their own, or may last for many years. Nearly 2% of the U.S. population (about four million people) will develop AA in their lifetime. Some people with AA (about 5%) may lose all scalp hair (alopecia totalis) or all scalp and body hair (alopecia universalis). The immune system, for unknown reasons, attacks the hair root and causes hair loss.
Burns are classified as first-, second-, or third-degree, depending on how deep and severe they penetrate the skin's surface:
First-degree burns affect only the epidermis, or outer layer of skin. The burn site is red, painful, dry, and with no blisters. Mild sunburn is an example. Long-term tissue damage is rare and usually consists of an increase or decrease in the skin color.
Second-degree burns involve the epidermis and part of the dermis layer of skin. The burn site appears red, blistered, and may be swollen and painful.
Third-degree burns destroy the epidermis and dermis. Third-degree burns may also damage the underlying bones, muscles, and tendons. The burn site appears white or charred. There is no sensation in the area since the nerve endings are destroyed.
Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin that has many causes and can occur in many forms. Skin that is affected by dermatitis may blister, ooze, develop a crust or flake off. Examples of dermatitis include atopic dermatitis (eczema), dandruff, and rashes that are caused by contact with a number of substances including poison ivy, soaps and jewelry with nickel in it.
Cysts are noncancerous, closed pockets of tissue that can be filled with fluid, pus, or other material. They are common on the skin and can appear anywhere. They feel like large peas under the surface of the skin. Cysts can develop as a result of infection, clogging of sebaceous glands (oil glands), or around foreign bodies, such as earrings.
Ear Lobe Repair
Ear lobe repair can be done with those who have keloid infections that may occur after ear piercing. Sometimes the pierced ear can become stretched and elongated. Ear lobe repair is a procedure to correct elongated or torn earlobes by minor sutures to connect skin edges together.
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Everyone loses hair. It is normal to lose about 50-100 hairs every day. If you see bald patches or lots of thinning, you may be experiencing hair loss. There are many causes of hair loss. Women may notice hair loss after giving birth. People under a lot of stress can see noticeable hair loss. Some diseases and medical treatments can cause hair loss.
Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. Anyone can get melanoma. When found early and treated, the cure rate is nearly 100%. Melanoma can spread to other parts of the body, and when it spreads, it can be deadly.
Milia are tiny white bumps that most commonly appear across a baby’s nose, chin or cheeks. Although milia can develop at any age, these tiny white bumps are common among newborns. In fact, up to half of all babies develop milia, but the good news is that milia usually disappear on their own in a few weeks. The best treatment for milia is usually none at all.
Performing regular skin self-exams helps people recognize the early warning signs of melanoma. Dermatologists recommend that everyone perform regular skin self-exams. When examining your moles, look for the ABCDEs of Melanoma Detection:
A stands for ASYMMETRY; one half unlike the other half.
B stands for BORDER; irregular, scalloped or poorly defined border.
C stands for COLOR; varied from one area to another; shades of tan and brown, black; sometimes white, red or blue.
D stands for DIAMETER; while melanomas are usually greater than 6mm (the size of a pencil eraser) when diagnosed, they can be smaller.
E stands for EVOLVING; a mole or skin lesion that looks different from the rest or is changing in size, shape, or color.
Viral exanthema is a non-specific rash that is caused by a viral infection. Many viruses can cause a similar-appearing rash, so it is difficult to tell which one is the culprit. Your age, duration of illness, and other symptoms may suggest which virus is the cause. Respiratory and stomach (gastrointestinal) viruses are common causes of such a rash. Viral exanthema is common in children and young adults who are not yet immune to a number of common viral infections. When an adult gets a non-specific viral rash, it might be caused by a drug reaction.
Vitiligo is a disease that causes the loss of skin color in blotches. The extent and rate of color loss from vitiligo is unpredictable. It can affect the skin on any part of your bod. It may also affect hair, the inside of the mouth and even the eyes. Normally, the color of hair, skin and eyes is determined by melanin. Vitiligo occurs when the cells that produce melanin die or stop functioning. Vitiligo affects people of all skin types, but it may be more noticeable in people with darker skin. The condition is not life-threatening or contagious. It can be stressful or make you feel bad about yourself. Treatment for vitiligo may improve the appearance of the affected skin but does not cure the disease.
Common warts usually form on the fingers, around the nails where the virus can easily get into the body, such as near a bitten fingernail or hangnail. Plantar warts form on the soles of the feet. Flat warts can be found anywhere on the skin, but are most common the face. Many types of warts are usually harmless and tend to disappear with time. Since it can take a few months to longer than a year for warts to disappear, treatment may be recommended.